Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Jeff Paletta Mr. Manwell English 3 Period 3 A.M.D.G Soldier of God Warriors are considered among the bravest of men. In the Anglo-Saxon community, the warriors were of the most respected class, and made up the foundation for their way of living. Anglo-Saxon warriors would not stop fighting until either they were victorious or they were dead. Written during this Anglo-Saxon period, the epic Beowulf contains many pagan ideals, in addition to several references to Christian philosophy. Beowulf is a tale of dual ordeals; an external fight against treacherous enemies, and an internal struggle with human tendencies of pride, greed, cowardice, and betrayal. The story intertwines them with both pagan and Christian beliefs. The prideÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In this sense, Beowulf represents an Anglo-Saxon warrior; the bravest of pagan soldiers who fight until the death. The first half of this dual ordeal is the internal conflict of human nature to be overcome by pride and greed. The characteristic of pride and its contradiction to Chr istian values gives a first look at the dichotomies of pride vs. humility and sacrifice vs. greed. In Herot, King Hrothgar reminds Beowulf that pride, untempered by humility, will result in the tragic fall. He also shares with Beowulf a second element of Christian philosophy; Ã¢â¬Å"wealth, accumulated through the grace of God, must be shared unselfishly.Ã¢â¬ The characteristic of greed is contradictory in Beowulf. At first, Beowulf is made out to be a selfless warrior; he fights Grendel and Grendels mother to ensure safety for his people, even if it means he will die. However, once the greed of Beowulf mixes with his pride, he loses that trait of selflessness. Beowulf lets his pride consume him, and begins to brag about what he has accomplished. Beowulf says Ã¢â¬Å"Grendel is no braver nor stronger than I am! I could kill him with my sword; I shall not...Ã¢â¬ (Beowulf 376) Beowulf starts to call himself the best soldier in the world, and that he is the only one that co uld kill Grendel. At this point, Beowulf is no longer fighting for the protection of his people, but rather for his own personal glory. TheShow MoreRelatedReligion in Beowulf1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMin) Kim Dr. Hadley History 101 Ã¢â¬â Spring 2013 10 April 2013 Religion in Beowulf Throughout the story of Beowulf, the concept of religion plays a significant role. The Christianity ideology views state that man can survive and do great things through the protection of God. A strong desire of pride is also represented in the form of a hero in Beowulf, which in a sense goes against Christian morals. This clash with Christian morals in Beowulf was in the context of pride vs. humility and selfishness vsRead MoreRoles Of Religion In Beowulf1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout the story of Beowulf, the concept of religion plays a significant role. The Christianity ideology views state that man can survive and do great things through the protection of God. A strong desire of pride is also represented in the form of a hero in Beowulf, which in a sense goes against Christian morals. This clash with Christian morals in Beowulf was in the context of pride vs. humility and selfishness vs. sacrifice. In the book, Hrothgar first explained to Beowulf that pride without humili tyRead MoreThe Portrayl of Religion in Beowulf Essays814 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the story Beowulf, there are a few different religions that are represented by the author. All the religions are portrayed in the story through the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes and his beliefs. The author makes clear what religion he believes in and his views. Some instances in the story also relate to the conflict between Christianity and the code of warriors. Throughout the story, the author is faced with the challenge of trying to portray his beliefs with a character whose actions are in conflict with hisRead MoreChristianity And Paganism In Beowulf1005 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHave you ever wanted to have super strength? Have you ever wanted to be a savior? Well, that is every day for one epic hero named Beowulf. Beowulf is an epic poem about good versus evil written by an anonymous Christian monk. Paganism was the Geats first religion, and once Christianity became introduced, the religion slowly shifted fro m paganism to Christianity. Beowulf has successfully exhibited the transition from paganism to Christianity. The epic poem has a shift from Christianity to paganismRead MorePaganism In Beowulf953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChristianity and Paganism in Beowulf Beowulf was composed when England was transitioning from a pagan to a Christian culture. In chapter 3 of A Little History of Literature, it is said that Beowulf was likely written by a Christian monk who inserted Christian themes into the story. This is why Beowulf reflects both Christian and pagan views. These two religions and their elements affect the story in different ways. There are pagan views of fate and fame in Beowulf, but there are also ChristianRead MoreComparison Between Beowulf And The 13th Warrior1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWilliams World Literature April 27, 2015 Christopher Tamigi Comparing different Religions in Beowulf and The 13th Warrior Religions play various different roles throughout literature, the most common one I think of is Christianity. We will discuss what the role of Religion is in Beowulf translated by Seamus Heaney and the role in the movie The 13th Warrior. Christianity, Islam, and Anglo-Saxon Paganism are the various ReligionsÃ¢â¬â¢ that are expressed in both the literature and the movie. Since both worksRead MoreAnglo Saxon Culture as Reflected in Beowulf Essay943 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas reflected in Beowulf Every culture has its own set of beliefs values and customs. Cultural beliefs, values, and assumptions are directly and indirectly acquired throughout a lifetime. A culture is the sum of a groupÃ¢â¬â¢s way of life and this is no different with the ancient Anglo Saxon culture. Cultures usually have distinct figures that reflect their culture as a whole. The importance of religion, values, and heroes are reflected a great deal in the epic poem of Beowulf accurately showingRead MoreTheme Of Christianism In Beowulf843 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages700, Beowulf is considered the mother poem of England. The tale is based in Sweden, as well as the small Danish island of Zealand. The poem follows the title character, Beowulf, in his battles with various monsters. Beowulf comes to the aid of Hrothgar to defeat the monster Grendel that had been terrorizing Herot Hall for twelve years. Beowulf also defeats GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother at the bottom of the lake, in what is referred to as the Ã¢â¬ Ëbattle hallÃ¢â¬â¢. Fifty years after his initial triumphs, Beowulf suffersRead MoreStrengths And Weaknesses Of Beowulf1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBeowulf, presumably written by a Christian monk, (Circa 700 A.D.), accurately depicts the strengths, weaknesses, and overall flaws that ultimately lead up to the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s demise. Rising from Geatland, Beowulf, the legendary warrior who has ended countless monsters reign of terror, gets word of an evil being tormenting Denmark, modern day New Zealand. Not one to be outdone, Beowulf sets sail to with fourteen of the finest warriors he could find. Arriving, he and his men are met by a loyal subjectRead MoreCultural Elements Of Beowulf By William Shakespeare866 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCultural Elements in Beowulf Beowulf ,the story, was handed down orally by mouth for centuries. However, in 1000 AD, Beowulf was written down for the first time as a poem. Beowulf is a story about a hero with supernatural powers. His strength surpasses any man, and he is the king of his people(the Sweden). Beowulf defeats and kills monsters to protect the people and the land of the Geats and Danes. Beowulf defeats the monster named Grendel. Grendel kills and eats Beowulf s men who sleep in
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
The beautiful city of Cambridge has an enviable reputation as one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest universities as well as being an agreeable place to live and work. The inhabitants enjoy low unemployment, a cluster of good schools and plenty of green spacious parkland. The river Cam provides a focal point in the summer with its flotilla of punts gliding around gentle bends overhung with lush willows. Two vibrant communities Cambridge is a city of two vibrant communities, that despite a chequered past of friction and confrontation now seem to co-exist with ease. Both the students and locals go about their business, almost independent of each other. Many scholars are completely unaware of the delights the city has to offer away from the seclusion of their learned places and locals would be hard pressed to tell you where any university building was apart from KingÃ¢â¬â¢s College Chapel and maybe the University Library, with its huge soaring tower. Most central colleges face inward to courtyards hidden behind castle-like buildings, giving no clue to the enclosed delights (that can include a lake with huge fish). Secret and enchanting places only accessed by gatehouses guarded by porters Ã¢â¬â keepers of the portcullis. Within the city boundaries are a dense collection of architectural styles ranging from medieval, Jacobean, classical and Victorian. This city is an architectural historians paradise wher e examples of one style evolving into another are abundant. The relationship between theShow MoreRelatedThe Best Place To Start A New Business Case Study871 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave access to 22,000 of BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s smartest and hardworking young people. The prestigious University of Oxford offers an almost endless supply of talented graduates looking for the next big opportunity, particularly in areas such as science and technology. In addition, Oxford boasts a world class standard of living for when you take a break from kickstarting your new business. As a historic city it has beautiful architecture and scenery, as well as independent shops and bars. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not the cheapestRead MoreEssay On Jamington729 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages6. 1600 Mass Ave Cambridge Placed directly across from the Harvard Law School, this condominium is placed at 1600 Massachusetts Avenue. Boasting of on-site parking, it offers laundry facilities within each unit. It retains the distinction of being the only modern building on the avenue between Porter and Harvard. From the property, it is just a short walk to the Harvard T stop. From easy access to public transportation to top restaurants, this is one of the areas most desirable condominiums. LocatedRead MoreCambridges Condominiums Analysis719 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages13. 931 Mass Ave Condos Cambridge Experience the beauty and convenience of one of Cambridges premier condominiums. At 931 Massachusetts Avenue, residents can enjoy one of the areas top concierge buildings. Placed close to Central Square and Harvard Square, this complex boasts of beautiful designs and luxurious amenities. Placed within Cambridge, Massachusetts, it offers easy access to top restaurants, transportation options and shopping venues. At the 931 Mass Ave Condos, residents can enjoyRead MoreGirton College: The College for Women696 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfull college status 1948. Sister College Ã¢â¬â Somerville College Oxford. Men and Women Ã¢â¬â Undergraduates 483 Postgraduates 208. Girton lies furthest north of any Cambridge college, about a 20-minute bike ride away from the city centre. The far-flung location provides an idyllic haven far away from the hustle and bustle of central Cambridge. It has impressive facilities, including on site playing fields and indoor swimming pool. Little wonder the sporting teams do well with no travelling time invadingRead MorePeter The Great Of The Russian Revolution1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshappen, the movement was a slow process but with PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation, nothing seemed to stop the man. Peter the GreatÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to Westernize Russia unified Russia through his military ambitions, his cultural ambitions and his finally the creation of his city, St. Petersburg. All of these are major developments created a new version of Russia that has created the country that it is today. Peter the Great was a man with strong desire to build a military and navy presence that Russia had not really had previousRead MoreEssay on Dukwane S Deliverance1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto be overcome. Sometimes deliverance is the answer. This is the situation presented in the short story Ã¢â¬Å"DukwaneÃ¢â¬â¢s deliveranceÃ¢â¬ , written by Neil Ramsorrum, where the boy, Dukwane, looses the ability to walk while having a plan on attending Cambridge University. He has to deal with the fact that he is a black teenage, who lives in a society where most people are white and despite that he is a cripple as well. The main theme is reflected in this confrontation with difficulties, and tells never to giveRead MoreComparison Between Plato And The Composition Of The Ideal City State1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Plato and the Composition of the Ideal City-State in Parts I-III of The Republic Wei Ting Lee 500467076 Ryerson University Introduction Appearance versus reality is a pertinent theme in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues. Yet, the precise nature of truth, the good and the beautiful all rely on contradiction, which the philosopher uses in his discussion of an ideal civil society. To properly understand PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation, it is necessary to briefly explain his historical context: Athenian democracyRead MoreThe Unique City Of Massachusetts State1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Unique City Each region of the United States has a unique characteristics that distinguish it from the other regions. Traveling among the US states commence Montana, then to New York City, after that Philadelphia and finally to Boston in Massachusetts state is drawing wonderful impression about the United States. It gave an impression of being a rich with diversity of terrain, environments, customs, cultures, and the nature of the locals. Massachusetts State is one of the most American statesRead MoreTaking a Look at Darwin College755 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesable to secure itself a beautiful spot on the Cam next to the Mill Pond. The river throws a loop that meanders through the grounds forming two small islands that can be booked for social functions by members in the warmer weather. For a small fee, students can join the Darwin punt club gaining access to the collegeÃ¢â¬â¢s five punts and several kayaks throughout the year. This compact site is an attractive 5-minute, meadow walk, from the ci ty centre. It was the first in the university to exclusively acceptRead More Edgar Allan Poe and His Works Essay1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa successful businessman of Richmond, Virginia. Taken by the Allan family to England at the age of six, Poe was enrolled in a private school. Upon returning to the United States in 1820, he continued to study in private schools. He attended the University of Virginia for a year, but in 1827 his foster father, displeased by the young mans drinking and gambling, refused to pay his debts and forced Poe to work as a bookkeeper. (Anderson, 9-22). Poe quit this job, which infuriated John Allan. Poe then
Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Investment In Information System. Answer: Introduction In recent times, the conditions for business are changing very quickly due to advancement in information and technology system. This report is telling the procedure of choosing ERP/AIS to formulate the decision of investment in information system. To understand it more clearly the report focuses on various points like process and requirement of business, requirement of system, and choosing the correct retailer. The company, which is taken for this assignment, is Arnotts biscuits. The company deals in biscuits and snacks food and it was founded in 1865. The company is one of the leading manufacturer of biscuits and second largest provider of snack food. Business processes Business process for the organizations is set of linked task, which are interrelated to each other and achieve the objective of the organization by delivering the product or service to the consumer. The systematic process of business will improve the efficiency and performance of business and systematic process means less probability of error. ERP helps the organization in organizing a systematic business process. There are five production lines at the Huntingwood factory that manufactures the Arnotts biscuits: Line 1 for the production of Jatz and Sao crackers biscuits. Line 2 comes in use for the other crackers biscuits and for the making of crisp breads. Line 3 produces plain and semi sweets biscuits like Scotch Finger and Milk Arrowroot. Line 4 comes in use to shape the varieties of biscuits. Line 5 produces only chocolate biscuits like Tim Tams and Mint Slice (Oxford, 2014). With the help of ERP (enterprise resource planning), Company can estimate that in what quantity raw material will be required for the production of biscuits on daily basis. Enterprise resource planning explains itself, that it will help the company in planning their resources. It is software, which help the company in improving their performance by reducing the wastage materials. It provides almost correct estimation of required raw material. In addition ERP, also assist the company by providing correct planning of available resources and mentions the production of units in the available resources (Leon, 2014). It is a cost effective method, which reduces the extra expenses on production of the company. Requirements of business Business requirements are related to the particular needs of the management, which assist the company in achieving their objectives and goals in an effectual way. Therefore, the requirement of the business must be clearly specify to the management by that management will fulfill all the requirements for the various departments because lack of any required demand can affect the production of the business. The requirement is not limited to internal factors like finance or availability of raw material, requirement can be related to external sources also as promotion activities, transportation etc. all the demands which help in improving the efficiency of workers and improve the performance of business that can be a requirement for the business (McFarlane, 2012). There can be several requirements for Arnotts biscuit to improve their performance that are as follows: Although company is successful in Australia and even in New Zealand, USA, Japan. However, it is high time where company needs to expand in big markets like China. The company always keeps on working on their biscuit taste and on new flavor because their business is totally depends on the taste and quality of their item. Due to high competition in the market, company needs to expand their factory area by that production of the units will be increased; this will result in constant supply of the product in the market. Company needs to work on their advertising strategies because in fast moving world, it is hard for everyone to remember the advertisement and then purchase the item. Therefore, company needs to be more creative and effective with their advertisement by that people will easily recall the brand (Simatos, et. al., 2012). Requirements of System Requirement of system are different from the requirement of business. The requirements of system are explained in a means of explaining advanced plan to convey business requirement. ERP and AIS are the softwares, which helps the company to manage all their resources whether it is internal or external. AIS (Accounting information software) assists the company in maintaining the record of every financial related activities like resources of finance, salaries, details of assets, cash in hand, etc. Whereas, the work of ERP is to plan that how company can use every single resources, by that wastage can be minimized and production can be maximized. Every business requires a correct system, which helps the company in smooth running of operations (Slack, 2015). The requirement of system can be anything; by that, organization will not face any difficulty in achieving their goals and objectives. There are various system requirements, which are as follows below: Server hardware: for successfully installation of the ERP software company needs to upgrade their system according to the demand of the software because these software does not work on outdated system. Arnotts biscuit was created in 1865, and the company knows the affect of up gradation because they have upgrade with new flavor and taste in their biscuit that is why they are still running in the market. Likewise, company needs new system with upgraded features, which help the system to run effectively. High accounting features: When company is big in size, then it is mandatory for that company to have high level accounting softwares in their software, which are able to solve any problem and records, and keeps the data safe. Arnotts biscuit is very big company, which supplies their product in various countries like New Zealand, USA, and Japan (Galliers, et. al., 2014). Therefore, company must have the advanced accounting softwares, which loaded with all the features and makes the work easy for the accounting department because there will be high amount transaction and there is no chance of any mistake in recording that. For that reason, these softwares assist the company. Software and vendor selection It is very important for the organization to have correct software in their systems because all the information related to the company is stored in the systems. Now, the work of every organization is depending on the systems. Effective and advanced systems have made the work easy of the organizations. There are various software, which made the work easy for the companies, but most popularly software, which every company has, are ERP (Enterprise resource planning) and AIS (Accounting information system). ERP helps the organization by providing the correct planning and utilization of resources, whereas AIS software is the accounting softwares, which helps in calculating all the financial use. Like use of finance, sources of finance, storing the expenses of company and calculating the salary of the employees can be done with the help of AIS. Although there are, various accounting softwares are there in the market but most popular software among the organizations is MYOB (Romney, et. al. , 2012). Along with the correct software company must select the correct vendors which sale their product in the market. Arnotts is very old company and still running in the market due to they have correct vendors in their hand. However, to expand their business company needs to increase their vendors by that sales and profit of the organization will increase. However, there are many vendors in the market but finding the correct and viable vendor is necessary for the company because ultimately vendor is selling the product of the company and if vendor is involve in some legal issue then it will hamper the sale of the product from the side of that vendor. Therefore, it is very much essential to choose correct software and correct vendor (Romney, et. al., 2012). Ways by which companies can develop business effectiveness There are several ways, which helps the company to improve their business efficiency. These methods are as follows: Communication: Communication plays an important role in achieving their goals and objectives. Proper communication is very much essential at the workplace and for the Arnotts biscuit, it is mandatory to communicate each thing among the employees because company makes biscuit and lack of communication can hamper the production or taste. In todays competitive market communication is not only required at the workplace but also company should communicate with their customers and must take feedback about the products and try to know what new their customer wants in the product like design, taste etc (Becker, et. al., 2013). Motivation seminars: Company must conduct motivation seminars for the employees by which employees get motivated and increase their working efficiency. Along with this company can conduct role-play sessions by which employees get opportunity to show their ability. Periodic review: It is mandatory for the organization to review the performance of the employees at regular intervals. This will help the company to review the performance of every employee. This review session is very much beneficial for both company and employee because if there is any employee who is not meeting up the target or facing any problem at workplace this session will provide opportunity to talk with their superior and overcome the problem. Easy processes: It is essential for the organizations to focus on the easy processes of working at the workplace, by that employee can work easily and does not feel any pressure. The planning and process must be easily understandable to all the employees by that they can work with more efficiency and helps in increasing the company profit (Becker, et. al., 2013). Monetary benefit: Company should give monetary benefits to the employees, who do their work with effectiveness and do fewer mistakes. This will motivate the other employees to work with more efficiency. If every employee start working with more efficiency and do fewer mistakes, that will increase the profit margin for the company because less mistakes means less expenses of the company. Level of efficiency of the technology implementation In the modern era of business, it is the significant need of every organization to install new and advanced technologies at the work place, which will improve the work efficiency of employees and business. For small-scale organizations, it is necessary to upgrade their machinery to sustain in the market. Technology not only saves times but also improves the efficiency of the work and affect the quality of the product. Technology plays an important role in the profit of the organization because due to modern technology the production of units increases by that there is enough supply of the product in the market that will result in high sales, which will increase the profit for the company (Wheelen, et. al., 2011). Arnotts company deals in biscuit and snack food. Company produces thousands of biscuit daily with the help of technology. Technology like oven in which biscuits baked and robots, which give shape to the biscuits. With the help of technology or heavy machines has made the production work easy for the Arnotts biscuit. The only problem occurs while working on technology is proper knowledge of the machine. Company should conduct a short training session for all the employees by which employees can learn how machine will be operate. It is necessary for the organizations because every organization wants to increase the production of the units and that can only be possible with the help of technology (Wheelen, et. al., 2011). Technology not only helps in increasing the production or makes work easy but also creates an automated work environment at the workplace. Potential security risks and data breaches There are several types of security risks and data breaches in the company. In this modern world, the security risk has increased by various reasons. Now, Companies are investing huge amount of money to protect their data. These security risks are as follows: Theft: It is one of the common risks, which every organization face. Theft of any material or data can damage the status of the company. Like, if any employee of Arnotts biscuit breaks the trust of company, and gives the confidential information to the competitors then it will put negative impact on the business of the company. Electric item: This security breach arises due to carelessness of the responsible person. This reason has emerged in the recent times very often that person forgets their belongings like laptop, phone and pen drive in office, airports, restaurants or any other place by which the chances of leakage of data increased, which will not good for the company (Chakraborty, et. al., 2011). Hacking: In the modern world, where everyone is online. Many businesses run online and sell their product online. The major risks with these businesses are hacking risk. Hackers can hack the official site of the company and can put wrong details on the site, which will be read by the consumers or any other user. Wrong details of the company or product will not only damage the image of the company but also shut down the company. In this advanced technological world, it is easy for the hacker to hack the site, which is why companies are spending huge amount of money to protect their systems from hackers (Chakraborty, et. al., 2011). Guidelines to mitigate the risks It is very much important for the companies to protect their companys data and other confidential information. To protect these high-level information or systems, companies must make a team of skilled and technological friendly people who are goods at technology and are able to adjust in any situation. Along with this company must install highly advanced anti hacking software in the system, which will help the company by stooping hackers in accessing company system. These software not only stops hackers but also save the data in any conditions like if system damages then these softwares has back up of data by that company can again access their data by following some steps. Conclusion The report concludes that Arnotts biscuit company is making biscuit from 1865. The company is the largest manufacturer of various varieties of biscuits in Australia and second largest supplier of snack food. The company is the subsidiary company of the United States Campbell Soup Company. The report focuses on the business process of the company where how they make biscuit and their production lines are described in brief. Along with this, this report mentions the requirement of business as well system. Various requirements of both these are mention above. To be successful in the market it is essential to choose correct vendor and softwares and Arnotts biscuits are very much conscious about this. In addition, this report explains the reason by which company can improve their efficiency (Slack, 2015). The report also concludes the various security risks and company is spending god amount of money to protect their systems and data. References Becker, J., Kugeler, M., and Rosemann, M. (2013)Process management: a guide for the design of business processes. USA: Springer Science Business Media. Chakraborty, S., and Newton, A. C. (2011) Climate change, plant diseases and food security: an overview,Plant Pathology,60(1), pp. 2-14. Galliers, R. D., and Leidner, D. E. (Eds.). (2014)Strategic information management: challenges and strategies in managing information systems. UK: Routledge. Leon, A. (2014)Enterprise resource planning. USA: McGraw-Hill Education. Manley, D. (Ed.). (2011)Manleys technology of biscuits, crackers and cookies. Netherlands: Elsevier. McFarlane, I. (2012)Automatic control of food manufacturing processes. Germany: Springer Science Business Media. Oxford, J. (2014) A sweet and savoury tour of Arnott's Huntingwood factory. [Online]. Available at: https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/west/a-sweet-and-savoury-tour-of-arnotts-huntingwood-factory/news-story/e46541423dfb158c1a83053098c72fc9 (Accessed: 06 October 2017). Romney, M. B., and Steinbart, P. J. (2012)Accounting information systems. UK: Pearson. Simatos, D., and Multon, J. L. (Eds.). (2012)Properties of Water in Foods: In Relation to Quality and Stability(Vol. 90). Germany: Springer Science Business Media. Slack, N. (2015)Operations strategy. USA: John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Wheelen, T. L., and Hunger, J. D. (2011).Concepts in strategic management and business policy. UK: Pearson Education.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
Research Proposal on Free Primary Education Essay Primary education is the first stage of education for everyone. Children of the age of six start their education at primary school, where they are taught the basic knowledge and develop their skills. The major subjects which are taught in primary school are reading, writing and arithmetics, because these three skills are the basic ones for the people who want to exist normally in the human society and gain higher education in future. Naturally, primary education is the obligatory nearly all over the world, because educated children are the hope and foundation of every country. In order to provide everyone with the primary education of the appropriate level, the government of every country makes it free. Parents do not have to pay for the primary education of their children, thought there are schools, which take money for it and the additional services which improve the quality of education and life of the child there. The developed countries have already solved the problem of free primary education and children receive it without any problems. Unfortunately in the third world countries the situation is completely different. The government is not able to provide free education and children mainly study in the unfavorable atmosphere and the teachers agree to teach voluntary for free. Form the ethical point of view and the Declaration of Human Rights children have the right to receive primary education no matter what the financial background and social status of the family is. The world has to strive to make primary education free for everyone, because the basic knowledge and skills are not the privilege but the right. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Free Primary Education specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Free Primary Education specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Free Primary Education specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Free primary education is the reasonable policy of every civilized country, because every child has the right to gain free education and develop his skills. If the student is interested in the research of the problem, he has the chance to explore the question deeper and study the issue on free primary education from all sides. In addition he can suggest the unique concept of free primary education explaining the methods, aspects, functions, etc. The research proposal should contain the list of the core questions which are related with free primary education and the expectations of the results of the investigation. A good research proposal is the detailed presentation of the project on the chosen topic and the student should be aware how to do it well. With the reliable assistance of a free example research proposal on free primary education it is easy to complete the assignment effectively, because many experienced writers have been working hard to provide one with a free sample research proposal on free primary education illustrating the persuasive tone of writing, the approach towards the problem and the structure of the paper. At EssayLib.com writing service you can order a custom research proposal on Primary Education topics. Your research paper proposal will be written from scratch. We hire top-rated PhD and MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s writers only to provide students with professional research proposal help at affordable rates. Each customer will get a non-plagiarized paper with timely delivery. Just visit our website and fill in the order form with all proposal details: Enjoy our professional research proposal writing service!
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
U.S Involvement in Bosnia essays The United States Involvement in Bosnia; is it positive or negative. After a lifetime of war in Bosnia, can the United States really offer positive change? To truly get a feel for the conflict in this region we must first look at the long-standing hatred between the occupying ethnic groups: Serbs, Muslims, and Croats. From 1481 to 1903 the Ottoman Empire was the ruling body over the entire Balkan region. By the early nineteen hundreds the Ottoman Empire had collapsed. In 1918, at the end of World War One, Russia annexed the Balkan region renaming it Yugoslavia. In 1919 Joseph Stalin, Communist ruler of Russia and its satellite states (i.e. Yugoslavia), appointed Tito to be the head of Yugoslavia. Tito quickly became an iron fisted and ruthless dictator. The Machiavellian characteristics exhibited by Tito have given all Serbs a reputation as being strong armed and merciless. With Titos death in 1991, Yugoslavia collapsed and split into 3 independent states: Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Croatia. In 1994 Slovadon Malosovitch was elected ruler of the Serbian state. Incidents of mass genocide and several other war crimes became regular occurrences under his rule. The Bosnian crisis has shown the world the worst of human nature. On behalf of the United Nations, in an effort to settle the unrest in the Balk an region, The United States became involved in 1995. The United States involvement includes: the commitment of twenty thousand troops, the troop support of legions of tanks and other vehicles, and the full support of the United States Government. Unfortunately this upset the native Bosnian people. So, although the United States feels obligated to help the Bosnian Cause, they may be worsening the situation with their involvement, both there and in the U.S There are two sides to this story. The first is the opinion that the United States should completely withdraw from Bosnia. The other opinion is that the United St...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Online Physical Education for Homeschoolers If you went to public school, you probably remember PE classes. There was calisthenics in the gym and kickball in the field.Ã Physical educationÃ at home isÃ easy when your students areÃ elementary age.Ã We need them to expend their excess energy as much as they do, so a bike rideÃ around the block or a trip the neighborhood playground isÃ a regular occurrence. As kids get older, their desire to get outdoors may wane.Ã Added to that isÃ the fact that many states and umbrella schools require at least one PE credit in high school. Many homeschool parents may find themselves at a loss as to how to effectively meet the requirement, particularly if their children arenÃ¢â¬â¢t involved in organized sports. What Is Online Physical Education? Despite the name, online physical education classes take place in the real world, not on a computer screen. Thirty states allow their public school students - usually middle school or high school - to take PE online, according to fitness expert Catherine Holecko. Some public and private online PE programs are open to homeschoolers as well. Online PE usually consists of a computer-based portion and an activity portion. The computer portion can involve learning about physiology,Ã completing writing assignments on different parts of the body and various exercises, and taking tests. The real-life portion is often up to the student. Some use sports theyre already involved in, others add walking, running, swimming, or other activities to their schedule. Students are usuallyÃ required to monitor what theyre doing, either with technology like a heart-rate monitor or pedometer or by keeping records that theyÃ submit with their other class materials. The Pros of Online PE For public school students, online PE allows them to fulfill their physical education requirement outside of regular school hours. That frees up more time during the school day for other subjects. Similarly, for homeschooled students an online PE course allows teens to take a self-directed approach to physical education, allowing the teaching parent more time to focus on other subjects and siblings. Online PE also allows homeschoolers toÃ have supervision by trained physical education professionals without the need to join a gym or seek a private instructor. For kids who are already involved in sports or otherÃ physical activity, online PE adds a written component that might be covered only briefly or not at all by real-world coaches. Online PE courses also offer a health component which may satisfy state or umbrella school requirements. Both public school and homeschool students also get the chance to get credit for sports that may not be part of a traditional physical education program, such as roller blading, surfing, ballet, or equestrian sports. The Cons of Online PE Students who have taken it say online PE isnt easy. In some programs, students must complete certain goals, no matter how long it takes them. They are also all held to the same standards, regardless of their ability, conditioning, strengths, or weaknesses. Students who choose to do activities on their own dont get the same level of supervision and instruction as kids who take a real-world class. They dont have a coach who can monitor their progress and give feedback on their form. They may be tempted to embellish their activity records - although programs often require parents to verify their childrens reports. Where to Find Online PE Programs for Homeschoolers Florida Virtual School, the first and largest online public school in the United States, offers individual classes in Personal Fitness, Fitness Lifestyle and Design, and other Physical Education topics. Florida residents may take the classes for free, but they are also available on a tuition basis to students who live outside the state. The courses are approved by NCAA. Carone Fitness is an accredited school and provider of online health and PE courses for grades K-12 and higher education. Options include adaptive PE and homebound courses. Students set individual goals, participate in a weekly exercise program, and receive one-on-one feedback from an instructor. Family Time Fitness is a company founded specifically for homeschoolers, although it is also available through some public schools. Its physical education programs consist mainly of printable lesson plans and videos, although parents also get reminder emails and access to supplemental downloads and online webinars. Updated by Kris Bales
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Discrimination Bachelor - Essay Example Fortunately for many, most first world, developed and progressive societies have always prided themselves in upholding the rights of their citizens. In areas of the world such as North America and Western Europe, few people live in fear of the government; they fully expect their rights to be upheld. Even women, who, in many countries, have enjoyed political and religious freedom to lesser degrees than the men, now, are able to freely voice their own opinions. These expressions can lead to healthy debate about relevant social issues. In a perfect world, the opinions of all would be heard in an environment conducive to greater understanding and acceptance in general. However, as Western society has progressed in areas such as technology, medicine, and communication, understanding and acceptance have lagged behind. In some cases, the opinions of some smaller groups have had a major impact on political decisions which can, in turn, affect the rights of citizens. Debates rage about an abundance of social and international issues, but one which has become an immensely serious threat to the rights of citizens is abortion. ... When examining the issue of reproductive rights, an obvious first question is "Whose rights are to be protected" Different groups will give different answers. The pro-life groups will advocate for the fetus' rights. Pro-choice groups will hail the rights of women. Still other groups will support the fathers, rights. What happens when these rights inevitably conflict The answer lies in a confusing web of politics, religion, and culture. In order to fully understand the current spectrum of reproductive rights and freedoms, one must first take a look at its history. One of the first reproductive issues to affect society was that of birth control. Linda Gordon explains that the first uses of birth control arose from the necessity of the nomadic life. Clans moving from place to place so often had to travel lightly, so a large family was a hindrance to this lifestyle. As societies grew around agriculture, the shift towards large families became important for division of labor reasons. At this point, birth control was not an issue because, economically, more children meant more workers (1990). Unfortunately, early forms of birth control were largely the products of old wives tales and meticulous timing; they were not terrible effective. As a result, the desire to terminate pregnancies arose. According to Josephine (2002), induced termination of pregnancy, otherwise known as abortion, has been practiced since the time of the early Greeks and recorded in historical documents. Undeniably, abortion is an old societal issue. The legality of abortion, however, is a different story. Abortion in any form was not legal in the United Kingdom in the 1800s (Josephine, 2002). The Infant Life
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Population Ecology - Essay Example This underpinned one of the lectures important contents, which is the demonstration of how life history traits are determined as a response to environmental factors such as in the case of survivorship or mortality patterns. I have chosen to attend this lecture because it is related to my field of study, which is Health Studies and I am interested to gain more insights about the nature of the courses I am going to study later on. I think that human ecology is related to my course because it is a framework that could explain the incidence of many health issues. When I attended the lecture, I already know that human ecology studies the relationship between population and the environment. After the lecture, this was further enriched by new information such as how the field could predict or project vital statistics and health issues such as death and diseases. At first, it was challenging for me to take notes and follow the lecture since it is a new experience for me. But I learned to focus on the structure of the lecture and identify contexts so that I was able to understand the difficult contents better. All in all, the lecture is important to my academic goals because it gave me a glimpse of the content of one of the courses I plan to take for my undergraduate
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Fat Tax Essay This report proposes that these costs and problems need to be addressed, and one avenue through which they can be is a junk food tax. This report proposes that there be a federal tax placed on junk food purchases, similar to the taxes placed on gasoline and tobacco products. This tax would dissuade people from purchasing unhealthy food items. At the same time it would help the nation offset some of the financial costs that obesity has generated. The proposition is not a fix-all, but it is a good start. Taxation of Junk Food, A Proposition to Battle the Obesity Epidemic in America Obesity is a condition that can be found in nearly every social class, geographic location, and age group in our society today. Every year there are more people who fit this profile; more people who are obese. While many view this condition as merely a cosmetic one, the truth is that there are serious consequences to being overweight. Some of these consequences include: the health risks such as diabetes and heart disease, early death because of those conditions, economic impacts due to lower productivity, astronomical health care costs, and numerous social problems that arise due to the lethargy and early mortality of obese parents and the inactivity of overweight children. These issues are significant, and need to be addressed in order to solve the problem. First, the causes of obesity must be understood, so that adequate solutions can be generated. Then solutions need to be created and put into effect such that the causes of the epidemic will be addressed at a minimal social cost. The information in this report shows that a large portion of those who suffer from obesity can attribute a large portion of their weight to junk food. This food is high in calories and low in nutritional value. This report also shows that many of these people choose to consume these products due to its convenience and relative low cost. I propose that in order to address this cause, and decrease consumption of junk food due to convenience and low cost, a federal tax should be levied against all foods that fit the profile of a junk food. I propose that this action would decrease economy purchases of less nutritious foods, and encourage consumers to consume more healthy diet options based on economic feasibility. Ã The Obesity Epidemic The issue of obesity is one that is complex and widespread. In order to understand the scope and implications of this condition, one must first understand what it is, and who it affects. Not everyone who is overweight is obese. Scott Ingram describes the difference between obesity and overweight as overweight being anyone who weighs more than the someone in the normal range for how old and tall they are, while in order for a person to be labeled obese, they must have enough body fat to put them 20 percent higher or more than their ideal weight (Ingram, 2005, p. 23). In other words, if a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal weight for their height and age is 140 pounds, and they weigh 150 pounds, they are overweight; but if they weigh over 168 pounds they are obese. This difference is important, as it indicates exactly how much overweight obese people are. They are all more than 20 percent over their target weight, which is significant enough to cause the problems that are being discussed in this report. The health and social issues caused by the state rest of the population that have not reached the 20 percent mark, but are still overweight are not even considered in this report. However, these issues will be positively affected by this proposal as well. It is also important to note that this problem is not isolated to a specific group of individuals, although there are groups that are higher risk than others.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Genetically Modified plants have changed how food is grown, although they have become very controversial. The purposes of Genetically Modified plants are to decrease time to maturity, increase resistance to disease, increase in nutrition, and reduce the use of herbicides. Genetically Modified plants can be very beneficial in many aspects not only to the United States but also to many underdeveloped countries such as Africa. The Encyclopaedia Britannica defines Genetically Modified Organisms as: Ã¢â¬Å"An organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favor the expression of desired physiological traits or the production of desired biological productsÃ¢â¬ (Diaz and Fridovich-Keil). Genetically Modified plants are created by altering the DNA of the plant. The alteration, which is known as genetic modification, causes the DNA to be genetically different than how it would be naturally. Genetic modification makes it possible to transfer genes from a non-related species of plants. Genetic modifications are performed on many organisms such as: animals, plants and bacteria. Some products produced by genetic modification include feeds, medicines, vaccines, foods and fibers. Feed and products grown for food, are the most well known and most controversial genetically modified products. In the United States, genetically modified foods were approved for human consumption in 1995. Ã¢â¬Å"By the end of 2010, genetically modified crops covered more than 9.8 million square kilometers of land in 29 countries worldwide- one-tenth of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s farmland.Ã¢â¬ (Diaz and Fridovich-Keil). According to EB Ã¢â¬Å"60% of all processed foods consumed in the United States contained at least some genetically modified ingredientsÃ¢â¬ (Diaz and Fridov... ...e U.S., according to recent analysis from the U.S. Department of AgricultureÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"FoodÃ¢â¬ ). Since the majority of the population does not benefit from genetically modified organisms they tend to want to reject them. Consumers do not want to pay higher prices for the food they consume, but without increasing the yield per acre, farmers cannot recoup the higher costs of machinery, fuel, fertilizers, and seed used to produce the food. There are many positive attributes to genetically modified plants, farming is less harsh on the environment, it can help feel the ever growing population of the world on less farmland, and produce more nutritious food. With the acceptance of this technology many problems facing underdeveloped nations could be solved. With more education everyone can benefit from genetically modified organisms and more research would be possible.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Project management triangle is the symbol that represents the money, time and scope items in a project, which has been modeled by Harold Kerzner. Given the wide range of project management tools available, the key to selecting the right one is to understand that different tools are needed along the different stages of a project life cycle. Graphical displays such as gantt-charts usually make the information easy to identify; and we can easily use it for tracking cost, schedule and performance. Gantt charts are used for exhibiting program progress or defining specific work required to accomplish an objective. They often include such items as listing of activities, activity duration, schedule dates, and progress-to-date. PERT also is used which stands for Ã¢â¬Å"Program evaluation and review techniqueÃ¢â¬ . It is also called Ã¢â¬Å"critical path methodÃ¢â¬ . It is an event-oriented planning aid, usually computerized used to estimate project duration when there is uncertainty in estimates of duration times for individual activities. It helps the project team to order the activities that must be completed to implement a decision. A Work Breakdown Structure is a results-oriented family tree that captures all the work of a project in an organized way. WBS breaks down project into major modules by breaking down into activities and, finally, into individual tasks. Identifies activities, tasks, resource requirements and relationships between modules and activities. The prime benefit of WBS is its effective aid in the planning process. As WBS evolves, it becomes easier to revise and update plans. Responsibilities can be assigned at different points of the WBS hierarchical tree, both managerial and technological. The main rationale behind crashing activities is to analyze the normal activity costs and costs under maximum crashing and to find the shortest times with crashing. And we must realize that new paths may become critical and make sure that all of the alternatives are true. And the main rationale to use PERT or CPM is the approach of timing. With CPM, we define that activities have certain completion times with minimal deviations. With PERT approach, we assume that activities have average completion times with a standard deviation, therefore time is an uncertainty.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Suicide bombing in Pakistan started after 9/11. Today Pakistan is the biggest victim of terrorism. After 9/11 incident, Pakistan supported the war on terror in Afghanistan. That war effected Pakistan very much. As border was not sealed so most of the Talibans ran away from Afghanistan to Pakistan. They were given shelter by the people of tribal areas of Pakistan because of their tradition of hospitality and clan bonding. As already Afghans were in refugee camps in Pakistan, so it was difficult to differentiate Talibans and Afghan refugees. Pakistan became a target as we found friends in TalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s enemy. Suicide bombing started in Pakistan. Initially, only the security forces were targeted but now even the common public is not spared. The war has spread to every nook and corner of Pakistan. First suicide attack in Pakistan was done in Islamabad in 1995. A truck full of explosives entered the Egyptian embassy and 14 people were killed. After investigation it was found out that bomber was Egyptian. Second suicide bombing was in Karachi. French engineers were attacked outside Sheraton Hotel in May 2002. In this attack 14 people were killed in which 11 were French engineers. Another attack in June 2002 was done outside American embassy. In 2003 President General Musharraf was targeted. In 2004 there were five suicide attacks including one attack on Prime Minister. In 2005 only 2 suicide attacks occurred. In 2006 suicide bombing again started to increase as there were 6 suicide attacks in which American embassy and Pakistan security forces were also targeted. In2007 these attacks were increased and total suicide attacks were done. In these attacks was on Former Prime Minister on Benazir Bhutto. In 2008 59 suicide attacks were done. In year 2009 till November 19, 70 suicide attacks were done. During Afghan jihad against Russia, America and Pakistan joined hands to fight it together. After the war, the U.S.A left the region in distress and civil war started in Afghanistan. The idea to use religion as aÃ tool to convince people to fight this war and organizing private militias resulted in destruction of Afghanistan after the war. It did not stop there. Pakistan continued on using religion as a tool and helped Taliban to form a government in Afghanistan. The whole episode of Al-Qaeda taking refuge in Afghanistan and 9/11 attack gave rise to a new fear. Previously, the whole world had their eyes closed to this Frankenstein they themselves created. Suddenly there was a hue and cry everywhere. Islam was said to be the threat to the whole world. Muslim bashing started happening and things got from bad to worse. America got dragged into this war and Pakistan along with it. Now after fighting it for this long, there seems no going back. There is no victory in sight and it cannot last forever. So it is a confusion which has found no solution. CAUSES OF SUICIDE BOMBING IN PAKISTAN One reason of suicide bombing in Pakistan is a tradition of Pushtoons calledÃ¢â¬ badalÃ¢â¬ (revenge). This is the tradition according to which if a person of its tribe is killed by the person from other tribe then revenge is being taken from the killer tribe and that revenge is called badal. So similar to this happened in Afghanistan and tribal areas of Pakistan. People of those tribes were killed by American and Pakistani army. So reply to that they started targeting the check posts of army but later on they changed their target and now their target is innocent public of Pakistan. They considered it their right to kill the people in order to take revenge. Another reason of suicide bombing is American involvement in Pakistan. Pashtoons have got a history that they do not allow the foreign forces to occupy their land. American involvement in Pakistan is also not liked by Pushtoons and Taliban of Afghanistan and Tribal areas. Taliban has targeted Pakistan for their commitment to America. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s drone attacks within Pakistan territory is one of the reasons for the increase in suicide attacks. Bajaur incident and Lal Masjid operation has helped Taliban by providing them new recruits for suicide bombing. In both incidents innocent students were killed. In retaliation there have been a lot of suicideÃ attacks in Pakistan for the last three years. American invasion of Islamic countries has contributed a lot to the common hatred in the Muslim world. Economic bondage was already there and then war was imposed on independent and sovereign countries. The feeling of resentment giving rise to Al-Qaeda and their extreme philosophies did not help the situation. Palestine, Iraq, Kashmir, Chechnya, Bosnia and Kosovo are all examples of Muslim occupied territories. Things were fine for the western world as long as there was no organized retaliation. It was bound to happen someday and it did happen. The result is that the world is very unsafe today and there is a lot of hatred which can result in a clash of civilizations. Injustice is one of the foremost factors that breed terrorism. When the grievances of the people are not redressed they resort to violent actions. So this is the case with Pakistan where timely justice has always been a far cry. Hence, the delayed justice is working as incentive for victims and dragging them to the swamp of terrorist organisations. Illiteracy is the root causes of extremism and terrorism. More than one in five men aged 15 to 24 unable to read or write, and only one in 20 is in tertiary education. such a high illiteracy rate has made Pakistan vulnerable to terrorism. furthermore, technical and vocational education, and adult literacy, are especially important but unfortunately have been neglected the most in Baluchistan, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and the Tribal Areas. Illiteracy and lack of skills provide fertile ground for those who wish to recruit young men and women to their cause, especially when significant monetary payments are attached. Regarding poverty, it is also an incubating cause of terrorism. And it is said that Ã¢â¬Å"a hungry man is an angry man.Ã¢â¬ Notably, majority of people in Pakistan are living below poverty line. While especially for the youngsters, unemployment has made the matter worse. In these adverse circumstances, some people go to the level of extremism and even commit suicide. These are the people whose services are hired by the terroristÃ groups and they become easy prey to terrorism. Food insecurity is also linked with militancy and violence. When people remain unable to afford food and cannot meet their basic needs civil strife grows. A report by the Islamabad-based Sustainable Development Policy Institute The highest levels of food insecurity, for instance, exist in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, according to the report, where 67.7 per cent of the people are insecure. The next highest level is in Baluchistan, with food insecurity at 61.2 per cent, and then in Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa, 56.2 per cent. In Pakistan some extremist forces are exploiting the feelings of lower and lower middle class food insecure people. They are motivating their unemployed youth to commit heinous crimes such as suicide attacks against innocent people. REMEDIES In view of the root causes described in above paragraphs, the possible remedies could include: Ã¢â¬ ¢ To begin with, a national commission needs to be set up, which identifies the fault lines and the root causes of the rise of extremism in Pakistan taking into consideration the post-Nine-Eleven developments. Ã¢â¬ ¢ It should also take up the question of reforming the madrassas. The heads of all the major religious groups should be contacted and engaged to explore short-term and long-term solutions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Our universities and research institutes should take up the intellectual task of re-interpreting the Islamic injunctions in the light of modern knowledge and 21st century challenges (with emphasis on social justice). Ã¢â¬ ¢ The government must improve its performance. Bad governance and corruption have lowered its credibility and clout, Ã¢â¬ ¢ Parliament must debate PakistanÃ¢â¬â¢s present relationship with the US, withÃ particular reference to the American war in Afghanistan and operations in Pakistan. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Our government should make efforts to develop sector. Without any doubt, these efforts will play a crucial role not only in providing employment to the millions of people but will also eliminate poverty in the country. Ã¢â¬ ¢ PakistanÃ¢â¬â¢s government should particularly emphasise the need of technical education by promoting it. In this respect, more institutes should be opened in order to promote technical education. Ã¢â¬ ¢ It is mentionable that there are two types of terrorists, extremists and moderates. In order to cope with terrorism, our government should neutralise the moderate terrorists through reconciliation by offering them general pardon and asking them to renounce terrorism. Even extremist insurgents can be offered mediation. Nevertheless, those militants who reject the offer could be fought through military operations. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Nonetheless, for their on global and regional interests, US-led western allies must not only increase the military and economic aid of Pakistan but also provide direct market access to Pak products on zero rate duty to help stabilise the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s bleak economy in the wake of the war against terror. Ã¢â¬ ¢ As Pakistan has been successfully coping with the menace of terrorism, US-led some western countries including India should also give up their propaganda campaign against Islamabad and blame game against its intelligence agency ISI. Ã¢â¬ ¢ US should help in resolving the Kashmir dispute to deal with the problem of militancy in the region. Ã¢â¬ ¢ In order to fight terrorism, PakistanÃ¢â¬â¢s media should play a key role. It must point out the criminal activities of the militants like hostage-taking, killing of the innocent people? torching the government buildings including girl schools and car-snatching. It should also indicate that Islam is aÃ religion of peace and does not allow suicide attacks. Ã¢â¬ ¢ As Pakistan is already facing various crises of grave nature in wake of terrorism, so our politicians must stop manipulating the same for their own self-interests. By setting aside their differences and by showing power of tolerance, both our rulers and opposition parties need to act upon a policy of national reconciliation to cope with the problem of terrorism and to stand before external pressure. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Finally, our politicians, general masses and security forces must show a strong sense of unity to fight terrorism. CONCLUSION Pakistan is a peace loving nation and playing its important role in combating terror. Recognition of efforts to fight menace of terrorism and sacrifices rendered thereof are testimony to the commitment and resolve to bring peace in the region. Unfortunately sometimes its commitment is doubted by some of its allies. Mistrust can lead to diversion of efforts, which will not be beneficial to common objective of peace in the region. Pakistan is a responsible nation; fully capable of defending its territorial integrity. Pakistan has singularly committed large forces to combat menace of terrorism more than any other country. No foreign troops are either present or deployed on Pakistan soil. All citizens of Pakistan must propagate moderate vibrant culture of Pakistan to promote good will of world community and shun misconstrued beliefs. Attacks on security forces personnel are executed at the sponsorship of hostile intelligence agencies. Such anti state elements must be singled out and brought to lime light to defeat evil agendas of our enemies. Pakistan has sacrificed the most in the ongoing war on terror; criticizing PakistanÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts at national/international forum will be counter-productive to the overall objectives of war on terror.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
20 Analytical Essay Topics Urban Economics Points to Use While Writing If you are tasked with writing a great analytical essay on the topic of urban economics, then you should start off on a great foot by reviewing the potential twenty topics listed below. See if any of these fits within the parameters of your writing assignment and let the creativity flow: The Key Economic Forces Which Drive The Creation and Support of Cities as well as Regional Agglomeration The Theory and Evidence Which Supports the Emergence of Cities Why Location of Workers and Firms is the Part of Core Periphery Model of Urban Economics The Impact That the Emergence of Cities Has on WorkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Productivity How Manufactured Goods Are Contingent upon Economies of Scale with Amount of Production Limited by Returns The Impact That the Emergence of Cities Has on Urban Amenities How Agricultural Products Rely on Unskilled Labor and Have Set Products Produced at a Rate Constant with the Scale, Reliant upon a Fixed Designation of Land and a Fixed Designation of Unskilled Labor in order to Produce Said Products The Impact That the Emergence of Cities Has On Congestion How the Price for Modern Products is Related to Trade Cost as well as Competition Cost How Imported Products are Priced Higher because of Regional Differences Why Higher Import Costs Result in Lower Local Consumption and Higher Consumption of Non-Imported, Local Items The Symmetric Equilibrium for Symmetric Regions and How Firms Remaining in Their Region Maintain This Equilibrium The Self-Correcting Swap Model for Relocation The Self-Reinforcing Relocation Model The Issues in Measuring Urban Characteristics The Methodologies Used in Measuring Urban Characteristics The Designing of the Most Appropriate Urban Policies Economic Theory and Evidence to Support the Internal City Structures Economic Theory Supporting Urban and Housing Policies, Specifically How They Enhance Urban Living Environments The Role Cities Play in the Development of Aggregate Economics To write a better analytical essay on urban economics, you must surely go through the facts on urban economics together with the writing guide. Of course, writing a good analytical essay about urban economics requires more than just selecting the topic, flicking through some facts, which is why you will find a sample essay below on one of the topics listed above: Analytical Sample Essay: Why Location of Workers and Firms is Part of Core Periphery Model of Urban Economics Urban economics is a vast field whose theories dictate that the location of workers and their firms is directly related to the production of products, competition, costs, and the growth of cities. In theory equilibrium is achieved among all manufacturing firms when each location maintains equal footing in various regions. If there are two distinct regions, the West region and the East region, there could exist three companies manufacturing different product varieties in both the East and the West regions. So long as each company maintains production in a specific region with limited imports into the opposite region, equilibrium can be achieved. The reason for this is that the same employment opportunities exist in both regions for all potential workers. Because of the similar demand and the similar supply the wages available for employees also remains roughly even. When companies in the East want to supply products to the west, they have to pay for transportation costs which are refe rred to as the trade costs. In supplying products to the east to be imported the Western manufacturers have to increase the price of their products to cover the trade cost. If an increase in price for imported products took place, many consumers would purchase if you imported products in exchange for higher numbers of local products. That being said companies in the East can produce local products and consumers will buy imported products from the west at a smaller rate compared to the products that they purchase from local suppliers in the east. With this in mind cities do not grow exponentially, urban landscapes remain roughly the same, and all businesses have the ability to compete within the open market at regular competitive prices and demand , forcing them to focus instead on simply providing a unique variety to similar products. This can be changed when a single manufacturer from the West decide to move the firm, relocating it to the east. When the relocation from the west to the east takes place, production changes, trade cost goes away and demand changes too. When the trade cost goes away consumers are more likely to purchase products from the newly relocated Western company now situated inside of the eastern region. In some cases this will naturally balance out, reverting back to the equilibrium which once existed by way of a similar manufacturing firm located in the east simply moving their production to the west. By doing this the two companies switch places and maintain the same products, profits, and consumer base demand. Of course the alternative to this is that the increased profits now gained by the Western company that recently moved to the eastern region serve as a tantalizing suggestion or opportunity for the other company remaining in the West. As such additional companies in the West can reloc ate to the east, essentially taking all profits away from those local eastern based manufacturers. When things like this take place changes in demographics, larger city development, and grand changes to the economic landscape are inevitable. Again a potential change to this can be the natural swap of the aforementioned companies from the east simply assuming the open opportunity now left in the West. In all cases this serves as a prime example of how production and location influence city development and are imperative to the understanding of urban economics and development. Overall fluctuation in the economic landscape can impact the development of cities, and by extension can impact the development of urban policies and land planning as well as urban living policies. As companies grow and changes take place in the existing workforce, manufacturing landscape, and product availability, subsequent changes have to take place in terms of policy and workers, wages, and products. References Alonso, William.Ã A Model Of The Urban Land Market. 1960. Print. Arnott, Richard, and Daniel P McMillen.Ã A Companion To Urban Economics. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006. Print. Harvey, J, and Ernie Jowsey.Ã Urban Land Economics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Print. OSullivan, Arthur.Ã Urban Economics. Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2003. Print. Perloff, Harvey S, and Lowdon Wingo.Ã Issues In Urban Economics. [Baltimore]: Published for Resources for the Future [Washington] by the Johns Hopkins Press, 1968. Print. Rasmussen, David W.Ã Urban Economics. New York: Harper Row, 1973. Print. Segal, David.Ã Urban Economics. Homewood, Ill.: R.D. Irwin, 1977. Print.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
3 Types of Superfluous Use of Semicolons 3 Types of Superfluous Use of Semicolons 3 Types of Superfluous Use of Semicolons By Mark Nichol Proper use of semicolons is sometimes seen as such a challenge that some teachers of composition recommend not using them until one develops a more sophisticated grasp of language, which is akin to saying one should hold off on learning the more complicated letters of the alphabet until one is ready for them. The following examples, however, point out that some writers need to study the functions of the punctuation mark. 1. Banks must keep pace with rapidly developing technologies; and this requires organizations to transform how they develop new apps and software. One of the functions of the semicolon is to separate independent clauses that are closely associated in cases in which the strength of the period is not necessary. In this case, a simple comma, teaming up with a conjunction, suffices to distinguish the two clauses: Ã¢â¬Å"Banks must keep pace with rapidly developing technologies, and this requires organizations to transform how they develop new apps and software.Ã¢â¬ (A semicolon should not precede a conjunction unless the punctuation mark and the word are part of a complex list structured something like Ã¢â¬Å"a, b, and c; d, e, and f; and g, h, and i.) 2. It is one thing to determine that a hundred million dollars in synergies can be achieved; it is another matter to actually achieve those savings; and still another matter for the savings to be reflected in the financial statements. The first semicolon in this sentence is used correctly, but the second one is not; the phrase beginning with and should be part of the second independent clause (the one beginning Ã¢â¬Å"it is another matterÃ¢â¬ ): Ã¢â¬Å"It is one thing to determine that a hundred million dollars in synergies can be achieved; it is another matter to actually achieve those savings and still another matter for the savings to be reflected in the financial statements.Ã¢â¬ Alternatively, the final point can be bolstered with its own pronoun and verb and set off as one of three sentence segments separated by commas: Ã¢â¬Å"It is one thing to determine that a hundred million dollars in synergies can be achieved, it is another matter to actually achieve those savings, and it is still another matter for the savings to be reflected in the financial statements.Ã¢â¬ 3. They must continuously direct scarce resources to sustain vital government activities and services; they must manage their operations in the face of constantly changing circumstances; and they must provide assurance to various stakeholders that they can protect and enhance their organizations. Here, three phrases are separated as if they are independent clauses. It is true that the three phrases can stand on their own as such, but they are also serviceable as simple list items, as shown here: Ã¢â¬Å"They must continuously direct scarce resources to sustain vital government activities and services, they must manage their operations in the face of constantly changing circumstances, and they must provide assurance to various stakeholders that they can protect and enhance their organizations.Ã¢â¬ (Semicolons are necessary in place of the commas only if one or more of the phrases itself uses punctuation to separate items in a list.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Punctuation category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:25 Subordinating ConjunctionsWhenever vs. When Ever3 Types of Essays Are Models for Professional Writing Forms
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Is Racism and anti-Semitism still a problem in the United States - Essay Example The country has literally shed blood of innocent civilians to fight for few basic rights that are God-given. Racism and anti-Semitism are prevalent in American society due to enactment of affirmative action, ethnic profiling post September 11, and the vague existence of the KKK. Racism and anti-Semitism still exist in American society due to the fact that affirmative action legislatures were enacted to give minorities an opportunity for employment. Affirmative action, are set public policies that are specifically designed to help diminish racism and prejudice based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, is under attack(Morris, 2011, p. 25). After the blood shed and citizen after the civil war, Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery (Morris, 2011, p.30). In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees equal protection under the law while the Fifteenth Amendment declines racial discrimination during elections. However one must wonder, even with all the legislations enacted, discrimination continues to be the focal point in society. Clearly, the 1866 Civil Rights Act guarantees every citizen "the same right to make and enforce contracts ... as is enjoyed by white citizens...Ã¢â¬ Thus, how is that African Americans and other minorities continue to struggle to find employment and are deterred from entering academic intuitions (Morris,2011, p.34)? Clearly, anti-affirmative action enables minorities to be embedded in the work and schools so society does not discriminate against them. Keeping everything in constant, the American society is designed in a way to protect White workers against job layoffs since majority of the executives in the American Society are dominated by male executives. Hence, racism becomes a Ã¢â¬Å"sparking fireball,Ã¢â¬ as many Americans feel as if they would be unemployed as minorities will continue to take their current posts. Evidently, the root cause of job displacement that W hite workers face with have to do with corporate decisions to downsize, and labor outsourcing internationally along with, computerization and automation. Downsizing. The small majority of minorities that do occupy an outstanding position often become key victims of hatred and discrimination. While substantial gains have been made to promote minorities, women and African America; the smaller groups continue to be harshly faced with discrimination and prejudice in the corporate world. Undoubtedly, the enactment of affirmative action legislature, companies confirms that racism and anti-Semitism are still prevalent in society. Another vital reason why racism and anti-Semitism no doubt continue to still exist in American society is due to the fact that ethnic profiling plagues society even in the modern 21st century. Prior to September 11, immigration laws were somewhat moderate as many immigrants from Asia and Middle East continue to migrate to America for jobs. As the World Trade Cente r fell, citizens of America were scared and horrified. Twenty-five days later, still reeling with shock, the government quickly took decisive action to make Osama Bin Laden, leader of Al-Qaeda to be responsible for the attacks. Bin Laden was part of an Islamic conservative group that believed in implying sharia. Thus, Muslims become the focal point of issue in society. After the September 11 attacks, many people became interested in Islam, yet the government discouraged the public from learning about different viewpoints (Friedman
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Education As The Cornerstone Of Success Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 8
Education As The Cornerstone Of Success - Essay Example Many opportunities come because of acquiring education. From the basic standards of formal education, it ensures that individuals acquire life skills from the starting point. A person develops knowing the basic requirements of him from society. It is interesting to note that the definition of success in life depends on what the society believes in. Therefore, by learning what society requires exposes people to the path of fulfilling their destiny resulting in success. The curriculum then provides all the skills available to the individual as it awaits him to develop an interest in his own areas. By providing all the skills, education gives the individual an opportunity to choose what he is interested in partaking. The curriculum defines each an every skill and puts measures to see them grow into success. By so doing, it helps to shape the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ interests without influencing them into taking something else. Its basic role is to shape their interests and nurture them. Education plays a role in enlightening people. As noted earlier, education involves the acquisition of knowledge and skills. This knowledge improves the mode in which the brain works. The brain receives a lot of information, after which it sorts and arranges them in a way that an individual is conversant with many things that occur daily. This knowledge broadens the way of thought and arguments. An argument entails a manner in which a person is capable of reasoning with the issues and being able to separate facts from mere propaganda. It is only because of acquired knowledge that someone is able to reason out consciously. In addition to this, a person with an average education is able to think in a higher level as compared to another average uneducated person.
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Proposal (Subject-Mental Health and Criminal Justice) - Research Paper Example Here, we develop a proposal on behalf of a community mental health support group. This proposal is developed using empirical evidence from previous methods. Issues of public safety and ethics are paramount. As such, we analyze the process of law enforcement as applied to the mentally ill, and in so doing, we delineate strengths and weaknesses of traditional methods of dealing with these problems. Our population of interest is those who have not responded well to conventional clinical-legal methods. These are the people who have been traditionally called lost causes or incorrigibles. Our proposal builds upon previously successful models as a consolidated inter-disciplinary method. Briefly, our proposal is one of laissez faire. Forced participation in mental health and substance abuse programs are most often not appropriate especially for people who have the ability to independently improve their own lives (Chandler et. al., 2004). Ultimately, it is a profoundly human endeavor to help others live down their own shortcomings. This is a certainty upon which any method should operate. Although their presence is becoming much more significant, offenders with mental illnesses are still some of the most disenfranchised groups in society. Here, we propose improved methods of dealing with this population in a criminal justice setting. As such, we present the background and rationale for our proposal as well as its details and predicted outcomes. As we explore relevant information with respect to mental health and criminal justice, we are faced with certain questions. Do we include alcohol and drug abuse as a mental illness? How much is the system itself responsible for aggravating mental illnesses in the population? Does punishment (particularly confinement and isolation) make matters worse or maybe even create a lasting state
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Nonmaleficence Pillars Of Health System Abstract: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence are the main Ã¢â¬Å"pillarsÃ¢â¬ of the health care system. These two ethical principles seem to be the foundation and set a basic framework for the practice of health care. Hippocrates recognized the significance of these two principles and he pledged to practice healthcare following them (Morrison 48). The function of these two principles go beyond treatment of patients, in fact, it is relevant when dealing with the healthcare staff. As a health care administrator it is vital to create a working environment that runs by the two ethical principles as well as the ethical principle of justice. Justice comes into play because it is a healthcare administrators responsibility and obligation to make sure that each individual staff members is being treated fairly and equally. Thus, ethical issues that are raised in the workplace, specifically, in a health care facility, more often are associated with the principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justic e. A health care administrator is expected to follow all ethical guidelines in the practice of health care. The principle of nonmaleficence is to prevent harm from occurring or the Ã¢â¬Å"duty to avoid harming othersÃ¢â¬ (Morrison 48). This is associated with the treatment of patients which should be done with care and not carelessly. Additionally, the patients autonomy should not be violated under any circumstance in order to prevent potential harm from taking place. In the Ã¢â¬Å"U.S. Hostile Workplace SurveyÃ¢â¬ that was taken in the year 2000 showed that about one out of six workers in a workplace experience some type of bullying that occurred within the last six months (ahanews.com). This shows that some health care administrators are not fully looking after their healthcare facilities and this is allowing bullying to take place. In this case, the healthcare administrator is not doing his/her job in preventing harm, and is therefore not following the ethical principle of nonm aleficence. Furthermore, nonmaleficence goes beyond merely preventing physical harm that might take place during a treatment procedure such as surgery, but it also refers to preventing any harm from occurring to the staff and healthcare facility. The benefits and harms are most often weighed against each other in health care to guide what needs to be done. It is a responsibility of the health care administrator to construct an environment that is not harmful for the employees or staff members. In addition to preventing harm to patients, you must prevent any harm from occurring to the staff as well. The issues of discrimination, bullying and harassment, including sexual harassment in the working environment must be fully and openly addressed. These topics should be taken in as being intolerable and potential harm should be prevented to the employees in risk of these. Moreover, any type of bullying that may occur in the work force should be prevented. Bullying in the workforce is extremely prevalent and this most commonly leads to depression and lowered morale of the individual staff member being bullied. There should be a positive environment in the work area for open discussion and no fear of judgment in the case of telling the HCA about the bullying. There should be an ease to talk to the HCA, and he/she should create an open relation ship with the staff so there is strict guidelines needed to be followed, but an openness to speak about issues of bullying, discrimination, or harassment. There should be a procedure to report someone who is harassed and they should not feel fear of reprisal for mentioning the issue. The supervisor should not be so strict or too lenient because the staff could be scared or too comfortable with him/her. In order to be fair and equal and prevent any harm by being too strict or too lenient, the principles of justice and nonmaleficence need to be followed. Bullying can include Ã¢â¬Å"intimidating and disruptive behaviorsÃ¢â¬ which can cause significant issues for a staff member who is experiencing lowered morale. The staff member being bullied could have trouble caring for the patient as effectively, thus can cause Ã¢â¬Å"poor patient satisfactionÃ¢â¬ . Patient care in a healthcare facility is reliant on Ã¢â¬Å"teamwork, communication, and a collaborative work environment.Ã¢â¬ It is important to provide a safe environment and to do so a health care professional who is experiencing bullying or seeing it occur should report it or address the issue. Addressing the issue is very crucial to the success of performance and patient care. The joint effort is needed in health care organizations and a mere act of bullying can affect the entire healthcare facility by lowering the morale and lowering the teamwork and interaction. This is obviously causing harm and the principle of nonmaleficence is not coming into play when bullying has occ urred. Therefore, the health care administrator should adopt a code of conduct in order to follow guidelines and ensure that the staff members are clear what is bullying. Additionally, it is essential Ã¢â¬Å"to create and implement a process for managing disruptive and inappropriate behaviorsÃ¢â¬ in the workplace (newworkplace.wordpress.com). This will ensure that every staff member is being treated fairly and the principle of justice is being followed. More commonly it has been seen that bosses are one of the main sources of bullying. Physicians oftentimes feel that they might know better or more than nurses and treat them unfairly which is going against the principle of nonmaleficence because they are directly causing harm instead of preventing harm. It was seen in one situation that a physician refused to allow his staff member to go to the bathroom which was insulting as well as inappropriate bullying. The Ã¢â¬Å"National Accrediting AgencyÃ¢â¬ now requires of some hospitals to adopt a code of conduct which addresses issues of bullying. Ã¢â¬Å"Intimidating behaviorÃ¢â¬ or bullying can cause staff members to become submissive because of the bullying has cause psychological harm to the individual and this oftentimes leads to medical errors and errors in patient care (workplacebullying.org). A health care administrator has the responsibility of being observant of what is going on in the working environment around him/her and to recognize any social isolation issues, belittling, and overload of work on one particular employee. Segregation and isolation oftentimes occurs due to bullying, however, sometimes it refers to cultural differences. It was seen that the staff members at a particular hospital were critical of the other Latino or Spanish-speaking employees and this caused a rift. There was obvious Ã¢â¬Å"prejudiceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"stereotypingÃ¢â¬ because the staff did not communicate with the Latino staff members as much, which caused language discrimination (gradworks.umi.com). This discrimination caused isolation of one particular group and it could and should have been spotted easily by the HCA whose responsibility it is to recognize instances of discrimination and isolation. This situation is also associated with racial discrimination which means that a grou p is isolated due to their ethnicity. It is thus the HCAs responsibility to prevent harm and act on the principle of nonmaleficence; he/she should also ensure that the ethical principle of justice is being practiced by the staff members and everyone is treated fairly and equally. By fixing the problem and causing the staff members to accept each other the health care administrator would be bringing about good which is acting on the ethical principle of beneficence. Racial discrimination is very common when it comes to the workplace. Many have felt that they were refused a promotion because their ethnicity or race. Nurses, specifically Caucasian nurses, felt isolated and discriminated by nurses of different ethnicities. The other nurses who spoke a non-English language seem to exclude Caucasian nurses which cause segregation and is something that should be prevented in the work place (diversityof.net). The impact of this isolation can cause low team effort and cause patient care to be poor. National surveys have shown that many physicians that are of a Ã¢â¬Å"racial/ethnic minorityÃ¢â¬ often feel isolated and racially discriminated in the working environment. Racial discrimination among physicians in the workplace causes Ã¢â¬Å"lower rates of promotion and career satisfaction when compared with nonminority physician peers with similar productivityÃ¢â¬ (nmanet.org). Ultimately, this has caused a poor working environment and discrimination c auses harm to the staff members as well as the health care organization. In addition to preventing harm, a health care provider must also do good for the patients, which is the principle of beneficence. Beneficence refers to the obligation a HCA has to his/her patients in providing fair treatment that will benefit them, protecting patients autonomous rights and providing aid for anyone in need. It is also an obligation of a health care administrator to bring about good in the workplace and make sure it is a safe working environment for his staff. There should be an appreciation which comes with this principle and should be displayed to the staff members in order to encourage them to always do better and continue to have a high morale. An HCA should balance the benefits and potential harms by deciding the costs against benefits and deciding what would provide the greatest good. The principle of beneficence should always be reinforced in order for the staff members to apply this ethical principle daily. Staff should be treated with beneficence in order for them to treat patients using this same principle. It is the responsibility of the administrator to be encouraging and compassionate towards the staff and to prevent negative attitudes which can lower the morale and cause potential harm. Also, an administrator should always offer assistance whereas being too authoritative would make the staff uneasy. Undoubtedly, the administrator should work on the weaknesses of the staff members and build upon their strengths in order for each individual to use their strengths for the good of the health care organization. Furthermore, downsizing in the workplace which include laying-off employees can affect the employees that are laid off as well as the staff members who are left feeling guilty and cannot work as efficiently due to this guilt. An HCA should not be keeping silent in a time when laying off is occurring because it can lead to rumors spreading around the workplace and a situation can become worse than it really is. Also, it can cause employees to be stressed and upset, which inevitably causes harm. After the lay-off has occurred, there should be open forums and discussion in order to be aware of everyones feelings towards the issue. The work place should be safe and healthy as well as have a positive atmosphere in order for there to be no fear of judgment which will prevent harm from happening such as harassment, bullying, or discrimination. The ethical issues raised in the workplace can range from bullying, discrimination, to harassment. These issues in the workplace cause harm to the staff members due to lowered morale and poor working efficiency. Discrimination can isolate and segregate groups of people or one person due to ethnicity, which would be racial discrimination or by other factors involved. This inevitably causes harm and not everyone is being treated fairly, thus the principle of nonmaleficence and justice are not being applied. Beneficence should be used when creating an environment that is safe and positive for the staff members to feel comfortable enough to report bullying, discrimination or harassment. Nonmaleficence, justice and beneficence are interconnected and work together in many situations for good ethical decision making. The relationship between the employee and administrator and the staff members themselves should be positive if using these three principles.
Friday, October 25, 2019
Computer Outsourcing Security Risk Inherent security risks of outsourcing -- what the CIO should know who were previously competitors are partnering in order that they may share risk, preserve capital, and gain market share from other competitors. It seems as though some companies soon will have outsourced so much of their business they will be in danger of becoming a business in name or brand only. While there can be many business benefits to outsourcing business functions and partnering with vendors and others in your business, the downside is always that it brings much added risk to your supporting systems, networks, and business critical applications. The more your network is extended and the more nodes or hosts are added-then all the more intrusion vectors (new and vulnerable risk points) become available for possible exploit and resultant harm to your company. As you connect your networks with various outsourcers, partners, vendors, alliances, and even consortiums you may, and probably will, connect with whom they do. The above connection scenario changes the established trust model from explicit and understood trust to one of transitive implicit trust. This is the "I may trust you but I do not necessarily trust who you trust" scenario. What can make the issue all the more complicated is that the company you outsource critical functions to may outsource some of its critical functions as well, and, you may not realize the potential impact to you until after long-term contracts are signed. Then it may be too late to amend contracts in order to protect your company from potential loss and liability. More connections to your network will bring more intrusion vectors or risks. These risk points must be tightly controlled and monitored at all times. Some companies may have hundreds of network connections, using a variety of communication methods, e.g. Internet, frame relay, leased line, microwave, wireless, satellite, fiber, ad nauseum. With so much variety in your connection types how will you know if a breach (successful or unsuccessful) in your network has o ccurred? How can you know what is happening in your partner's networks, or in the networks of those whom he is connected to? It may likely be through your friendly partner connections that you become open to intrusion, not from a more direct outside intrusion. Watch those trusted host relationships carefully. Are you ready to respond to a breach of your network? Usually, agreements are made and contracts are signed before a project team becomes involved in implementing a connection for a partner or an outsourcing contract.